Policy type

Building codes and standards

New Zealand



The Residential Tenancies Amendment Act came into force on 1 July 2016. The Act makes a number of changes including requirements relating to insulation.  The new insulation requirements in the Act apply to social housing from 1 July 2016 and all other rentals from 1 July 2019. Landlords must include in all tenancy agreements from 1 July 2016 a declaration of the level of insulation underfloor, in walls and in the ceiling, and all insulation installed from 1 July 2016 must be to the latest 2008 standards. 


Application of energy performance calculation methods and definition of minimum requirements


The decree completes the transposition of the European Directive EPBD 2002/91/CE, and modifies the Decree 192/2005. This legislative measure comprises three different decrees. The first one defines the requirements of nearly zero energy buildings and set the new minimum requirements, to be in force since October 2015. A new calculation method for the energy performance is introduced, based on the comparison with a reference building having the characteristics set in the the decree.


Building codes


Building codes for new buildings were tightened in several stages in 1977, 1985, 1996 (large buildings) and 1998 (small buildings). The 1996 and 1998 codes were designed to cut an additional 25% off net heating demand, reducing it to about 70 kWh per square metre per year. The code also sets limits on electricity consumption for ventilation and will enforce low temperature heating systems to increase the efficiency of various heat supply systems, such as district heating systems, condensing boilers, solar energy and heat pumps.


urgent measures for the transposition of Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings


"The aims of the Decree Law  are:

• encourage improvements in the energy performance of buildings ;

• encourage the development , enhancement and integration of renewable energy sources in buildings;

• to support energy diversification;

• promote the competitiveness of the domestic industry through technological development ;

• achieve the national targets for energy and the environment;

• extend and enhance the system of tax deductions for the redevelopment of Buildings ( Eco- bonus) and building renovations .


Transposition of the European Directive 2010/31/UE on the energy performance of buildings


Law of 3 August 2013, n. 90, recently published in the official gazette, converted into law (with amendments) the Decree- Law no. 63 of 2013 on “Urgent measures for the transposition of Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 May 2010 on the energy performance of buildings”. It supersedes the Legislative Decree 192/2005 about the transposition of the Directive 2002/91/CE on the energy performance of buildings.

Objectives of the Decree are as followings:



The independent inspection system of the Buildings energy audits and upload information in the central electronic database


The independent control system and structure has been secured by the buildings energy audits.

In addition, all documentations of building energy audits have to be filled into a new electronic database. All audit data will be available for many purposes.


Ontario Building Code


The Building Code is phasing in higher energy efficiency requirements for new buildings over time, which plays a significant role in limiting greenhouse gas emissions while allowing businesses and residents the flexibility to move forward in a cost-efficient manner. 

Russian Federation

Presidential Decree on Measures to Ensure the Citizens of the Russian Federation Affordable and Comfortable Accommodation and Quality of Housing and Communal Services


In order to improve the living conditions of citizens of the Russian Federation and improve energy efficiency, this decree lays out an action plan in several phases. Each phase is aimed at improving citizens’ quality of life, but there are also Energy Efficiency stipulations:

From 2012 until 2017, there is to be a 30 percent increase in the total capital investment devoted to the heating system, water supply, sewerage and sewage treatment.

South Africa

SANS 204: Energy Efficiency in Buildings


In summary it pecifies the design requirements for energy efficiency in buildings and of services in buildings with natural environmental control and artificial ventilation or air conditioning systems.

SANS 204-1: This standard provides the general requirements for energy efficiency. According to the approach used in the revised South African Building Regulations and the new building code (SANS 10400 series) performance parameters are outlined first. These are then followed by the route to demonstrate compliance, either by rational design or deemed-to-satisfy rules.

Russian Federation

Resolution ?. 18 - Establishing Energy Efficiency Requirements for Buildings and Structures


This Federal Law establishes energy efficiency requirements for buildings and structures for residential apartment buildings. Using baseline energy efficiency standards set in the 2009 Federal Law (261-??), energy consumption should be reduced every five years.  The reductions are as follows:


  • 2011 – 2015: No less than 15% reduction relative to baseline levels.
  • 2016 – 2020: No less than 30% reduction relative to baseline levels.
  • 2020 – Beyond: No less than 40% reduction relative to baseline levels. 


Promote energy conservation and energy efficiency (Policy no. 3, Maldives National Energy Policy and Strategy 2010)


Background: Greater efficiency and conservation of energy will benefit the country through a reduction in energy imports which directly translates into savings for the counrty's foreign exchange reserves, reduced dependence on imported fossil fuels, increased energy security and reducing GHG emissions. On the supply side, measures are needed to increase efficiency particularly in the production and distribution of electricity.

Russian Federation

Federal Law ?. 384??? ? Technical Regulations on the Safety of Buildings & Structures


This Federal Law outlines all aspects of building regulations for future resolutions to be adopted to strengthen each Article. Article 13 states the requirements for energy efficiency in buildings as “Buildings and facilities should be designed and constructed so that during their operation ensure the efficient use of energy resources and eliminates the wasteful consumption of resources”


Improving Energy Efficiency in Building Sector


The “By law on Energy Performance of Buildings” by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization will require buildings to meet the minimum performance criteria and standards concerning architecture, heat insulation, heating and cooling systems and electrification. According to this regulation, an “Energy Performance Certificate” is given starting in January 2011 in order to give information on energy expenses and CO2 emissions for new buildings and buildings that have been purchased or rented.


Northwest Territories Building Efficiency Programs


The Northwest Territories has put in place several building efficiency programs: 

Energy Efficiency Incentive Program (2007)

The Energy Efficiency Incentive Program provides rebates for energy efficient appliances, residential retrofits, and new homes ranging from $50 to $4500.


Alternative Technologies Program (2007)


Energy performance of buildings Law (No. 372/2005)


Law No. 372/2005 transposes outlines of the EU Directive 2002/91/EC on the energy performance of buildings to the Romanian law. All new buildings, existing public buildings and major renovations works have to obtain “Building energy performance certificate”. Parts outlining certification obligation for residential buildings when constructed sold or rented supposed to enter into force on 1st of January 2010 but this was delayed until 1st of January 2011.

Korea, Republic of

Building Energy Code Compliance


Building owners who submit applications for new construction permission for buildings larger than 500m2, must submit the energy saving plan to the local government according to the
building energy savings design codes. Upon request of the local government, KEA and other specialized institutions must confirm the validity of application, before the local government approves the construction.


National Energy Code for Buildings (NCEB 2015)


The National Energy Code of Canada for Buildings 2015 (NECB), published by NRC and developed by the Canadian Commission on Building and Fire Codes in collaboration with Natural Resources Canada (NRCan), sets out technical requirements for the energy efficient design and construction of new buildings. The NECB 2015 includes over ninety changes improving the overall energy performance of buildings over the 2011 edition.


Insulation Standards


The Grand Ducal regulation of 22 November 1995 (Mémorial A 99 of 27 December 1995) on mandatory insulation standards for new buildings came into force on 1 January 1996. Its implementation is monitored by certified architects or engineers (Wärneschutznachweis) attesting that the insulation standards have been taken into consideration. In case of non-compliance, penalties are imposed and can mean cancellation of work.