Policy type

Market-based instruments

Uruguay

Energy Efficiency Obligation

2016

In 1998, Uruguay introduced energy efficiency policy in order to create 437 GWh of energy savings per year, achieving an incremental energy savings of 0.94% per year in comparison to total fuel consumption. Electricity, natural gas and all other "burnable fuels" used in all sectors are covered in this policy. The obligated parties include energy utility companies. The utilities are required to allocated 0.13% of sales to energy efficiency. There are no specific eligible energy efficiency measures. Energy savings are certified by an IPMVP certified professional.

Germany

STEP up! - competitive tendering scheme for electrical energy efficiency

2016

STEP up! aims at reducing electricity consumption by promoting electricity-related measures across technologies, actors and sectors (open tender). In closed tenders, the project will also address specific sectors with known large potential and constraints. As a competitive tendering scheme, STEP up! awards the funding to bids for measures with the most economic cost-benefit ratio (euro per saved kWh).

Hungary

Energy Efficiency subsidies for residential EE purposes

2015

This policy counts with three main sources: EU structural subsidies, state revenues from the EU Emission Trading System related and the state budget law. The EU support for residential sector will be available by the Environment and Energy Efficiency Operative Programme KEHOP (KÖRNYEZETI ÉS ENERGIAHATÉKONYSÁGI OPERATÍV PROGRAM), which is a Co-Financed program by EU Funds and national sources. According to the new decision of the government, the programs will be available only from KEHOP supported energy efficiency funds with repayable support.

Belgium

Brussels-Capital Region: Apply PEB Requirements Comparable to the Passive Concept for All New Constructions by 2015

2015

In 2011, the Government set new threshold requirements for energy performance and interior climate of buildings, aiming at standards comparable to the passive concept for new buildings allocated to housing, schools, and office and service activities for 2015. This new decree abrogates the previous one and represents a genuinely ambitious advance.

Australia

National Energy Productivity Plan

2015

In December 2015, the Australian COAG Energy Council launched a new National Energy Productivity Plan (NEPP) to meet a commitment to an energy productivity target of 40 per cent improvement between 2015 and 2030.

The NEPP is expected to contribute more than a quarter of the savings required to meet Australia’s 2030 greenhouse gas emissions reduction target. The NEPP will complement existing policies such as the Emissions Reduction Fund and will aim to avoid placing additional burdens on business.

Luxembourg

Energy Efficiency Obligation

2015

The obligation seeks to achieve energy savings by 2016 of 285 381 MWh final energy per year. All suppliers of electricity and natural gas serving residential, service sector and industrial customers, located in Luxembourg, are declared obligated parties by regulation. Also, they are assigned a public service task to achieve energy savings targets imposed by the Article 7 of the Directive in Luxemburg.

Austria

Austrian Energy Efficiency Law

2014

A new law, the Federal Energy Efficiency Act, was adopted on July 9th, 2014, with the required constitutional majority in the National Council and was published on August 11th, 2014. In this new Austrian Energy Efficiency Law, which is now already implemented and also in force, the national energy efficiency headline target -  the Austrian final energy consumption must not exceed 1.050 PJ in 2020 - is set out.

Austria will reach this target by:

Slovenia

Energy Efficiency Obligation

2014

In 2014, Slovenia introduced an energy efficiency obligation scheme that seeks to achieve cumulative savings between 2014 and 2020 of 4 263 GWh. All sectors and fuels are subject to this obligation. Eligible energy efficiency measures include technologies determined by legislation including building fabric; heating system; district heating; measures in the transport sector, and energy management.

Malta

Energy Efficiency Obligation

2014

In 2014, Malta introduced energy efficiency obligations targeting energy savings between 2014 to 2020 of 111.6 GWh in final energy. This policy covers residential gas and electricity. Eligible energy efficiency measures include installing smart meters and rising block tariffs.

Monitoring and verification appears to be top-down evaluations of energy consumption before and after measures. The obligated party is Enemalta Corporation which is the monopoly distributor. Penalties can be up to EUR 100 000 total or EUR 600 for each day of non-compliance. 

Spain

Energy Efficiency Obligation

2014

In 2014, Spain introduced energy efficiency obligations in order to attain a cumulative energy savings of 6 356 ktoe over 2014 to 2020.

All sectors fall under obligations with fuel coverage including electricity, gas, oil products, and LPG. Obligated parties include suppliers of electricity and natural gas, and wholesale retailers of oil products and LPG; small suppliers and retailers are exempt.

Spain

Energy Efficiency Obligation

2014

In 2014, Spain introduced energy efficiency obligations in order to attain a cumulative energy savings of 6 356 ktoe over 2014 to 2020.

All sectors fall under obligations with fuel coverage including electricity, gas, oil products, and LPG. Obligated parties include suppliers of electricity and natural gas, and wholesale retailers of oil products and LPG; small suppliers and retailers are exempt.

Bulgaria

Energy efficiency target declared by Bulgaria under the EU Directive (2012/27/EU)

2013

Under the EU Directive (2012/27/EU), Bulgaria set a target to increase energy efficiency by 25% until 2020 (5 Mtoe primary energy savings in 2020) and to reduce energy intensity by 50% until 2020 compared to 2005 levels.

Australia

Australian Capital Territory Energy Efficiency Obligation

2013

In 2013, the government of the Australian Captial Territory introduced an energy efficiency obligation for the residential sector and small-to-medium enterprises. Obligated parties include Tier 1 electricity and gas retailers with more than 5 000 customers and 500 000 MWh annual sales; Tier 2 electricity and gas retailers that do not meet the thresholds for Tier 1.

The obligation seeks to achieve 8.6% of electricity and gas sales in the Australian Capital Territory. 20% of energy savings must be achieved in lowincome households.No specific energy efficiency measures are cited.

Poland

Energy Efficiency Obligation

2013

In 2013, the Polish government introduced energy efficiency obligations which target energy savings of 2 645 Mtoe between 2016 and 2020.

The obligation covers all sectors except transport. Electricity, gas and district heating are the fuel targets. Obligated parties include electricity, natural gas and district heating companies selling to final consumers, members of a commodities exchange and commodity brokerage houses.

Poland

Energy Efficiency Obligation

2013

In 2013, the Polish government introduced energy efficiency obligations which target energy savings of 2 645 Mtoe between 2016 and 2020.

The obligation covers all sectors except transport. Electricity, gas and district heating are the fuel targets. Obligated parties include electricity, natural gas and district heating companies selling to final consumers, members of a commodities exchange and commodity brokerage houses.

Greece

ESCO Agreement for energy efficiency measures in public buildings

2012

The agreement, between the Greek government and the Center for Renewable Energy Resources and Energy Saving (CRES), is expected to be continue for 33 months. The project aims at upgrading public buildings and contributing to the national target of 20% energy efficiency improvement by 2020 (20.5Mtoe final consumption), and the development of Energy Services Companies (ESCOs) market and the use of Energy Performance Contracts.

Russian Federation

Presidential Decree on Measures to Ensure the Citizens of the Russian Federation Affordable and Comfortable Accommodation and Quality of Housing and Communal Services

2012

In order to improve the living conditions of citizens of the Russian Federation and improve energy efficiency, this decree lays out an action plan in several phases. Each phase is aimed at improving citizens’ quality of life, but there are also Energy Efficiency stipulations:

From 2012 until 2017, there is to be a 30 percent increase in the total capital investment devoted to the heating system, water supply, sewerage and sewage treatment.

Greece

Building the Future

2012

The programme aims at reducing the total building energy consumption and increasing the level of environmental protection, by using a number of financial instruments and market mechanisms such as: Energy Performance Contracts, Industrial and Commercial Voluntary Agreements, Energy Service Companies and White Certificates.

Indonesia

Energy Management Regulation (Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources, No. 14/2012)

2012

The Energy Management Regulation (No. 14/2012) implements the Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia No. 70/2009 on Energy Conservation. It establishes provisions for energy preservation and management by improving efficiency in energy use and control over its consumption, in order to achieve effective and rational use of energy resources. 

Energy consumers consuming more than 6000 toe per year are obliged to implement energy management:

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