The Energy Efficiency Act implements the EU Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) 2012/27/EU into the Slovak legislative system. The Act deals with and contains following rules and obligations:
Measures for support and improvement of energy efficiency for new and refurbished electricity production facilities. In addition, electricity producers using combustion engines of 1 MW capacity or more, gas turbines of more than 2 MW capacity, and producers of electricity using other thermal processes with the total capacity of the energy source 10 MW and more, are obliged to undertake an energy audit of the equipment, and investigate the possibility of CHP operation of such equipment.
Power transmission system operators and distribution system operators are obliged to regularly evaluate transmission efficiency and publish this evaluation no later than on 31st March of the following year. The same obligation applies to the operators of gas, liquid fuels, delivered heat, waterworks and sewage systems.
Energy consumers must comply with operation economy rules for energy-consuming equipment. Owners of non-industrial buildings with floor space of 1000 m2 and more with centralised space heating must provide hydraulic balanced heating systems in the building and thermostatic valves for heaters.
Obligations for preparation of strategic documents in the field of energy efficiency. Here the Ministry of Economy (MoE) is obliged to develop an energy efficiency strategy, submit it to the Government, evaluate the fulfilment of the strategys goals, and regularly (every three years) provide action plans of energy efficiency and monitor its outcomes. MoE also determines energy efficiency targets, makes an estimate energy efficiency potential of district heating systems and concludes energy saving agreements with entrepreneurs. In the field of energy efficiency of public buildings, MoE in close cooperation with the Ministry of Transport, Construction and Regional Development has obligations concerning strategy development, planning and periodical evaluation of renovation of public buildings with floor area of 250 m2 or more. The Act defines also rules and obligations related to monitoring, evaluation and evaluation of national energy efficiency target for MoE and operator of monitoring system as well as for data providers (energy companies, utilities as well as for relevant public bodies).
Rules of performing of energy audits:
Here the Act defines rules and conditions for energy auditors as well as the obligation to pass an energy audit at least each 4 years for a „big“ enterprise – it means an enterprise with either more than 250 employees or annual turnover of € 50 mil.
Enterpreneurship in the field of energy services:
New Act on Energy Efficiency recognizes 3 types of energy services
Support (i.e. "soft") Energy Service – includes mainly advisory or education activities;
Guarranteed Energy Service – realisation of real complete energy services based on a project; and
Energy Service for Public Sector – a special type of Guarranteed Energy Service, where either public authority or public financial resources are involved according to rules specified in the Act.
Information provision: It includes on the one hand collection of information about energy services providers by an authority specified by MoE. On the other hand the Act stipulates obligations concernig information provision in the field of thermal energy as well as information provision gas and electricity distribution companies for final customers. Finally, offences against the Act and financial penalties are enumerated.
At the end of October 2014, the Slovak parliament (National Council of the Slovak Republic) approved Act No. 321/2014 Coll. on energy efficiency, which has become effective as of 1 December 2014. The main reason for the adoption of the new act on energy efficiency was the implementation of the Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency into Slovak law, and also the need for regulation of various practical issues with energy efficiency. The new act is focused on energy efficiency in the whole energy chain and it will also affect various entities which are not dealing primarily with energy efficiency, such as electricity generators. Nevertheless, the newly introduced obligations are imposed mainly on the owners or operators of larger buildings, as well as industrial buildings. The act also includes various obligations with respect to energy efficiency in the course of operation of central heating where, for instance, apartment buildings with their own heating systems are obliged to install authorised meters to its heating system up until the end of 2016.