Launched in April 2016, Brazil’s federal flagship industrial development Plan (P+B) is led by the Ministry of Development, Industries and Commerce (MDIC), and focuses on enhancing the productiveness of industrial SMEs through enhanced efficiency and better technologies. The two fronts work in parallel, with MDIC dedicating different sets of budget to run pilot programmes and full-scale implementation through different delivery partners. In the energy efficiency front, MDIC allocated R$ 1 million over 2016 and 2017 to test a methodology of specialist advice and support delivered by SEBRAE consultants to a pilot group of 48 SMEs. From mid-2017, MDIC intends to scale-up the support to 400 SMEs, at the cost of R$ 8 million to be shared with the Agency for Industrial Development (ABDI) and the PROCEL programme. In the technology front, the pilot phase is focused on the digital enhancement of SME processes and is being delivered by CNI’s technical delivery arm – SENAI – at the cost of R$ 2 million between 2016 and 2017 (MDIC, 2017). In early 2018, this front is also expected to be scaled-up, although the upcoming budget is not clear, as well as the number of companies to be supported.