In accordance with EU Directive 32/CE/2006, Italy submitted its National Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) in July 2007. The plan considers measures already undertaken under the budgetary law of 2007 and other measures, such as application of energy efficiency standards in buildings and the promotion of high efficiency CHP plants. The proposed measures aim to achieve an energy saving target of 9.6% by 2016, comprising 118,464 GWh. The industrial, residential, tertiary and transport sectors are addressed.
In July 2000, ENEL, the Ministry of Productive Activities and the Ministry for the Environment signed a voluntary agreement on demand side management for collaborating in GHG reduction, through the following actions: - Supplying energy services after the meter. - Increasing energy efficiency in electrical end-uses. - Optimisation of public lighting. - Development and dissemination of electrical equipment and technologies. - Defining agreements with its suppliers in order to produce and use low GHG emission products and equipment.
This programme continuously sets the framework for public RD&D support in energy technologies at large and it will be adapted to the new focus of energy policy. Institutional support, especially for centres of the Helmholtz Association and the promotion of networks of basic research, is given by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF).
The strategy primarily aims to do two things, firstly, develop a programme of actions that will improve energy affordability and reduce energy poverty. Secondly, set out a framework for measuring energy affordability and energy poverty. The Government’s Strategy for Affordable Energy in Ireland was published last November. The strategy was developed by the inter-Departmental Group on Affordable Energy and includes 48 actions that will be implemented over the life of the Strategy.
The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 established an Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Worker Training scheme that provides for a programme of competitive grants for worker training and placement in high growth and emerging industry sectors, labor exchange, and job training projects that prepare workers for careers in energy efficiency and renewable energy.
Each EU Member State is responsible for transposing EU Directives into national law and ensuring compliance with the law. EU Mandatory Labeling and Eco-labeling Directives Member States have the responsibility (in addition to transposition and compliance) to ensure that the labelling schemes are accompanied by educational and promotional information campaigns aimed at encouraging more responsible use of energy by private customers. Luxembourg has implemented all the current EU labeling directives for residential and commercial appliances (see related policies).
The Industrial Energy Efficiency Data Analysis (IEEDA) Project estimates the potential for energy efficiency improvement in different industrial sectors through quantifying the scale and value of untapped energy efficiency potential across a range of key technologies, processes and fuel types.
Under the EU Directive 2009/28/EC member countries of the European Union are obliged to draft and submit to the European Commission National Renewable Action Plans (NREAPs) outlining pathway which will allow them to meet their 2020 renewable energy, energy efficiency and GHG cuts targets.
The ENERGIX-programme provides funding for research on renewable energy, efficient use of energy, energy systems and energy policy. The programme is a key instrument in the implementation of Norway’s national RD&D strategy, Energi21, as well as for achieving other energy policy objectives.