Activities that involve the provision of essential services such as electricity, gas or water.


Demand Side Management to Reduce GHG Emissions - ENEL Voluntary Agreement


In July 2000, ENEL, the Ministry of Productive Activities and the Ministry for the Environment signed a voluntary agreement on demand side management for collaborating in GHG reduction, through the following actions: - Supplying energy services after the meter. - Increasing energy efficiency in electrical end-uses. - Optimisation of public lighting. - Development and dissemination of electrical equipment and technologies. - Defining agreements with its suppliers in order to produce and use low GHG emission products and equipment.


Energy Efficiency Obligation


In 2014, Malta introduced energy efficiency obligations targeting energy savings between 2014 to 2020 of 111.6 GWh in final energy. This policy covers residential gas and electricity. Eligible energy efficiency measures include installing smart meters and rising block tariffs.

Monitoring and verification appears to be top-down evaluations of energy consumption before and after measures. The obligated party is Enemalta Corporation which is the monopoly distributor. Penalties can be up to EUR 100 000 total or EUR 600 for each day of non-compliance. 

United States

State Climate and Energy Program


The State Climate and Energy Partnership Program is a voluntary programme designed to help states review and adopt policies and programmes that effectively integrate clean energy into a low-cost, clean, and reliable energy system. The programme provides tools and analyses to advance state efforts that improve air quality and public health; increase cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable energy; reap economic benefits; and lower greenhouse gases. Related State Climate and Energy Partnership Program resources include the publication of Best Practices Guides.


New Széchenyi Plan and Environment and Energy Operative Programme (Környezet és Energia Operatív program, KEOP)


The programme uses EU and Hungarian government funds to provide subsidies for energy efficiency and renewable energy investments. Various sectors are targeted, including energy production, transport, distribution and end use, with a special focus on public buildings.

The programme aims to improve energy efficiency across sectors, based on calls for proposals within a certain budget. Applications are open until the budget is used up.

In 2012-2013, interventions for energy efficiency were made in the following areas:


Ontario EnerSmart Large Volume Direct Access Program (Union Gas)

As part of its EnerSmart Large Volume Program, Union Gas provides its largest customers with a dedicated incentive budget to spend on energy savings projects. This incentive program encourages customers to focus on continuous energy management as an integral part of their company’s operations and practices.


New Brunswick Efficiency


The program aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions through fuel switching to renewables & natural gas; and improvements in appliance efficiencies.


Smart Grid Development Incentives


Regulatory Authority for Electricity and Gas sets out the procedures and criteria for the selection of investments admissible for incentives, defined in the transmission code, in the amount of an increase in the remuneration of capital of 2%. The procedures also define the technical requirements that pilot projects relating to medium voltage grids must meet to satisfy requirements for the promotion of smart grids and for receiving incentives. Regulatory order ARG/elt 199/11 establishes remuneration for network and distribution networks during the fourth regulatory period (2012-2015).


Québec Technology and Business Demonstration (Hydro Québec)


Hydro-Québec offers financial support to test the technical and commercial viability of innovative energy-saving or power-demand optimization measures. It will pay 50 percent of the total cost of an approved project, up to $300,000.

Demonstration projects that meet these criteria will be considered:

  • New technology, new approach or new application of an existing technology;
  • Potential for considerable energy savings or power-demand optimization;
  • Good potential to penetrate the Québec market.